This post originally appeared on the blog Hanging Around in Primary.

Do you use a Word Wall? I think that a Word Wall is an essential part of a primary classroom and WELL worth the wall space that it takes up. There has been a lot of debate in recent years about the merits of a Word Wall. I feel strongly that it is a necessity, but I also feel strongly that it is only beneficial if you TEACH kids how to use it.

How to Get Started With a Word Wall

This is the first post in a multi-post series about how I set up my word wall, my daily routines, and how I practice, practice, practice so my students learn these words.

How to get started with a Word Wall - a multi part blog series to help you set up and use a Word Wall.

I follow the same routine each week and my students get used to my established routines when it comes to adding words and the Word Wall.  I try my best to use the Word Wall for teaching every single day. As we all know, things don’t always go as planned in the classroom and the best laid plans get set aside. At the beginning of the year, it is really important to carve out time every day to use the Word Wall with your students so, if you are lacking time later in the year, they have a good understanding of how to use it.  

Deciding on the Words

First off, you may wonder how I decide on my words. Our school board does not dictate our literacy programs so I don’t have a series I have to follow.  I use word lists from different resources: Dolch word lists and the PM benchmark texts to determine the order I introduce the words. There are many resources out there that are helpful. 
I have a set of word wall cards that I have had for years. The words are different colours and cut to show the shape of the word so that students can easily notice what I call “tall, tummy and dangly” letters. Having different colors makes it easier to help your students locate the word on the word wall with just the cue of “look for the purple word under D for Dinosaur”. This year I will be creating my own set of cards so I cards so I have exactly the cards I am looking for.  
I am also intentional about my letter headers on the Word Wall. I have taught grade 1 for 16 years now and it is only recently that I made a change on my Word Wall that has saved my life and teacher sanity. At the beginning of the year a lot of my students struggle to find a word because they did not have their letter/sound associations solidified. The letter card didn’t provide any help when you said look under D because they didn’t necessary know what a D looked like. I decided to create my own header cards (and name tags and alphabet cards, too) with an animal on it so that the those kids could develop an association for the letter. This has worked like a charm. What was even better was their Name Tag had a miniature version of the Alphabet Posters which matched the Word Wall headers
Rainbow Decor
When talking to my students, I can say “D like Dinosaur” and they can find the word all by themselves no matter where they look in the classroom. It has seriously been life changing having that picture cue and having all the related resources matching. You can find these Header Cards and all the coordinating pieces by clicking on the image below, which will take you to my TpT Store.

How to get started with a Word Wall - Use Alphabet cards on your Word Wall with a picture on them to help students associate a the letter with the initial consonant.  Choosing your Location

There has been a lot of debate in the last few years about what a Word Wall should look like as well as should teachers even use valuable classroom space to have one. Obviously, I am in the camp that says they are essential, but as educators we need to decide what it will look like in our classrooms. You need to consider a few things: Do I have a wall space that will work? Will it be accessible to all my students? Can they see it from their workspaces easily? 
How to get started with a Word Wall - A multi part blog series to help teachers set up and use a Word Wall.
I have always had a traditional Word Wall on a large wall space. I like to ensure that there is lots of space for the words since I usually have close to 100 words on my wall by the end of the year.  This is what it would typically look like at the beginning of the year.  This is from a few years ago before I updated my header cards and Alphabet posters.  
When I talk about the Word Wall being accessible for all. I mean a few things. I like to ensure that students can see the Word Wall from any workspace in the classroom. We have tables in our room and they are all positioned in proximity to the Word Wall. Students often come and stand in front of it to get a closer look and I am always happy to take a word down for a student to use.  
Check out my Word Wall Pinterest board which shows some of the other options you can use for setting up your word wall.  

Click this graphic to head to Part 2 in this series. I am sharing what I do the day I introduce the words and what my Word Jail is and why I think it is essential.  
How to get started with a Word Wall - A multi part blog series to help teachers set up and use a Word Wall.  This post focuses on adding the words and using a Word Jail.    

Do you want to learn more about the ways that I practice my Word Wall words so that my students not only learn their sight words but learn how to use the Word Wall?  Click on this image below to read more.



Hanging Around in PrimaryChristina Hermer is a 1st Grade teacher in Ontario, Canada. She has been teaching since 1994 and has had the good fortune to work with 1st graders for many of those years. She enjoys creating curriculum resources for learners that are hands-on and engaging, which can be found in her TpT store. Christina loves to share about how she uses those resources in her classroom and other practical teaching tips on her blog Hanging Around in Primary. You can also follow her on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, and Pinterest for lots of teacher tips, tricks, and ideas!