Title of piece with 3 groundhog day activities' resource covers against a pale yellow background.

How do we know when winter ends and spring begins? Well, on February 2nd, a groundhog makes a guess! The tale goes that if a groundhog sees its shadow due to clear skies, then there will be six more weeks of winter. But if the groundhog doesn’t see its shadow due to overcast weather, then there will be an early spring. The United States looks to one Pennsylvanian groundhog’s shadow to make this prediction: Punxsutawney Phil

While studies haven’t found a correlation between a groundhog seeing its shadow and the arrival of spring, celebrating Groundhog Day is still a fun way to break up the seasons and teach your students something new. Check out the following Groundhog Day activities for elementary students to see how you can bring this holiday into your lesson plans.

12 Groundhog Day Activities to Use in Elementary School

From science to Spanish, Groundhog Day is a seasonal moment that can be incorporated into any subject’s lessons. Use the groundhog’s movement in and out of its stump to teach about prepositions in ELA and speech therapy. Take this timely opportunity to explore the relationship between light and shadows in STEM lessons. Or practice fine motor skills with groundhog crafts and art projects. No matter what groundhog-themed lesson you choose, you can’t go wrong with any of these 12 Groundhog Day activities for elementary students.

"February Math Centers for the Primary Classroom" with a picture of a rainbow abacus.

Kindergarten Math Centers for February by The Daily Alphabet

Grades: PreK – K | Math, Basic Operations

Brown and green resource cover with clipart images of groundhogs and related items.

Groundhog Day Preschool Language Unit for Speech Therapy (+BOOM Cards) by Itty Bitty Speech

Grades: PreK – 1st | Special Education, Speech Therapy 

3 hexagons, one in pink, blue, and purple, meet in the middle of this resource cover. On the hexagons are pages from the Groundhog day resource and the activity title.

FREE Find the Groundhog (above/below, in front/behind) for Speech Therapy by Teach Speech 365

Grades: PreK – 2nd | English Language Arts, Speech Therapy 


"Groundhogs Activities and Printables" with clipart of a groundhog coming out of its hole and 4 pages from the resource, against a grass and sky background.

Groundhog Day Activities by Curriculum Castle

Grades: K – 1st | Science

A white resource cover with the activity title in shades of blue, two blue clouds, and cartoon clipart of a light brown groundhog popping out of its hole.

Groundhog Day Spanish by Bilingual Shop

Grades: K – 2nd | Numbers, Spanish, Writing 


"Will He See His Shadow? Groundhog  Day Craft" with dancing clipart groundhog and photos of the completed activity.

Groundhog Day Craft and Graph by Foxwell Forest

Grades: K – 2nd | English Language Arts, Writing

Clip art of various groundhogs behind and around a transparent, centered circle with the activity title.

Groundhog Day STEM Activity Light and Shadows Investigation by Carly and Adam STEM

Grades: 1st – 5th | Science, Engineering 

"Print & Digital Activity - Groundhog Day Teach Go Pennants" with clipart of a groundhog and two trees, as well as 3 resource pages.

Groundhog Day Writing Activity Prompt Bulletin Board February Teach-Go Pennants™ by The Little Ladybug Shop

Grades: 2nd – 4th | English Language Arts 

Activity title with a clipart groundhog, a map, and a tablet with the virtual field trip on display.

Virtual Field Trip to Punxsutawney Groundhog Day – Google Slides & Seesaw by MagiCore

Grades: 2nd – 5th | Social Studies, Reading

"Groundhog Day Literary Activities: Reading, Writing" with the informational text printed out and on a purple clipboard, against a white background.

Groundhog Day Reading and Writing Activities | Literacy Centers by The Literacy Dive

Grades: 3rd – 5th | English Language Arts

"Groundhog Day Mini-Unit Activities" with a cartoon groundhog smiling and popping out of its hole and resource pages in the background.

Groundhog Day Mini-Unit by Hillary Kiser – Hillary’s Teaching Adventures 

Grades: 3rd – 5th | Reading


This mainly black and white resource cover has the title at the top, two resource pages laid on top of each other, and funny clipart of a cartoon groundhog making a shocked face.

Groundhog Day Reading Comprehension Paired Passages – Close Reading Activities by The Tulip Teacher

Grades: 3rd – 5th | Reading

For more groundhog-themed inspiration and resources, explore other Groundhog Day activities on TPT.