Preschool and elementary students often have all the expected speech sounds in their sound inventory but still can’t be understood. For lack of a better description, they are just mumbling! They have reduced intelligibility in conversational speech and that can have a big impact on…

As language arts teachers, we want students to be good readers and also learn to love reading, and in many ways the two go hand in hand. However, for many students annotation promotes the first goal at the expense of the second. Many of my students who like to read tell me that they hate to annotate…